3. Third Generation Computers (1959 -1971) – IC

3. Third Generation Computers (1959 -1971) – IC

  • 1959 – Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments patented the first integrated circuit in Feb. 1959; Kilby had made his first germanium IC in Oct. 1958; Robert Noyce at Fairchild used planar process to make connections of components within a silicon IC in early 1959; the first commercial product using IC was the hearing aid in Dec. 1963; General Instrument made LSI chip (100+ components) for Hammond organs 1968
  • 1964 – IBM produced SABRE, the first airline reservation tracking system for American Airlines; IBM announced the System/360 all-purpose computer, using 8-bit character word length (a “byte”) that was pioneered in the 7030 of April 1961 that grew out of the AF contract of Oct. 1958 following Sputnik to develop transistor computers for BMEWS
  • 1968 – DEC introduced the first “mini-computer”, the PDP-8, named after the mini-skirt; DEC was founded in 1957 by Kenneth H. Olsen who came for the SAGE project at MIT and began sales of the PDP-1 in 1960
  • 1969 – Development began on ARPAnet, funded by the DOD
  • 1971 – Intel produced large scale integrated (LSI) circuits that were used in the digital delay line, the first digital audio device

IC, from Smithsonian NMAH

Polaroid IC 1961, from Smithsonian NMAH

DEC PDP-1 of 1960, from CHM

DEC PDP8/E minicomputer 1973 from SDCM – cu

Anderson Jacobson ADC 260 acoustic coupler 1963, from SDCM

early transistor calculators – Casio “Mini” used chips from TI (left); TI SR-10 calculator showing circuit in transparent case, used a single chip 1972, from Smithsonian NMAH

early transistor calculators – Casio “Mini” used chips from TI (left); TI SR-10 calculator showing circuit in transparent case, used a single chip 1972, from Smithsonian NMAH

IC, from Smithsonian NMAH

IC, from Smithsonian NMAH

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